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Anjelah Johnson "Nail Salon" Animated Cartoon

SAVOR Salons

Admission to each Salon requires a separate ticket purchase. Admission to Salons is limited to those with a General Admission ticket to SAVOR for that evening.

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Historiography of the salons[edit]

Periodisation of the salon[edit]

Conversation, content and the form of the salon[edit]

The salon and the 'public sphere'[edit]

Debates surrounding women and the salon[edit]

Salonnières and their salons: the role of women[edit]

At that time women could be a powerful influence in the salon. Women were the center of the life in the salon and carried a very important role as regulators. They can select their guests and decide about the subjects of their meetings. Those subjects can be social, literary, or political. They also had the role as mediator by directing the discussion.

Paris salons of the 18th century:

  • Madame Geoffrin
  • Madame de Tencin
  • Jeanne Quinault, hostess of the Bout-du-Banc
  • Madame Dupin
  • Françoise de Graffigny, author of Lettres d'une Péruvienne
  • Julie de Lespinasse: her chief draw was d'Alembert, but "though the name of M. d'Alembert may have drawn them thither, it was she alone who kept them there."
  • the marquise du Deffand, the friend of Horace Walpole
  • the marquise de Lambert
  • the duchesse du Maine
  • Madame d'Épinay
  • Madame Necker, the wife of the financier Jacques Necker
  • Madame Helvétius, the wife of Helvétius
  • Sophie de Condorcet, wife of the mathematician and philosopher Condorcet, visited by foreign notables and French thinkers alike.
  • Madame Roland, the political salon that was the resort of the Girondists at the first stages of the Revolution.
  • Madame Swetchine, wife of General Swetchine.

Salons outside France[edit]

Salon sociability quickly spread through Europe. In the 18th and 19th centuries, many large cities in Europe had salons copied on the Parisian models, although those were not as prominent as their French counterparts.



Great Britain[edit]


Latin America[edit]




United states[edit]

Other uses of the word[edit]


See also[edit]



  • Craveri, Benedetta, The Age of Conversation (New York: New York Review Books, 2005)
  • Davetian, Benet, Civility: A Cultural History (University of Toronto Press, 2009)
  • Elias, Norbert, (Trans. Edmund Jephcott), The Civilising Process: The History of Manners, Vol. 1 (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1978)
  • Goodman, Dena, The Republic of Letters: A Cultural History of the French Enlightenment (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994)
  • Goodman, Dena, Enlightenment Salons: The Convergence of Female and Philosophic Ambitions, Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 22, No. 3, Special Issue: The French Revolution in Culture (Spring, 1989), pp. 329–350
  • Kale, Steven, French Salons: High Society and Political Sociability from the Old Regime to the Revolution of 1848 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006)
  • Habermas, Jürgen, (trans. Thomas Burger), The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society (Camb., Mass.: MIT Press, 1989)
  • Harth, Erica, Cartesian Women: Versions and Subversions of Rational Discourse in the Old Regime (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992).
  • Huddleston, Sisley, Bohemian, Literary and Social Life in Paris: Salons, Cafes, Studios (London: George G. Harrap, 1928)
  • Kavanagh, Julia, Women in France during the Enlightenment Century, 2 Vols (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1893)
  • Landes, Joan B., Women and the Public Sphere in the Age of the French Revolution (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988);
  • Latour, Anny (Trans. A. A. Dent), Uncrowned Queens: Reines Sans Couronne (London: J. M. Dent, 1970)
  • Lougee, Carolyn C., Le Paradis des Femmes: Women, Salons and Social Stratification in Seventeenth Century France (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976)
  • Lilti, Antoine, Sociabilité et mondanité: Les hommes de lettres dans les salons parisiens au XVIIIe siècle, French Historical Studies, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Summer 2005), p. 415-445
  • Pekacz, Jolanta T., Conservative Tradition In Pre-Revolutionary France: Parisian Salon Women (New York: Peter Lang, 1999)
  • Roche, Daniel, (Trans Arthur Goldhammr), France in the Enlightenment, (Cambridge, Mass.: HUP, 1998)
  • Tallentyre, S. G., Women of the Salons (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1926)
  • Von der Heyden-Rynsch, Verena, Europaeische Salons. Hoehepunkte einer versunken weiblichen Kultur (Düsseldorf: Artemis & Winkler, 1997)

Further reading[edit]

  • Beasley, Faith E. Salons, History, and the Creation of Seventeenth-Century France. Hampshire: Ashgate Publishing Company,2006.
  • Bilski, Emily et al. Jewish Women and Their Salons: The Power of Conversation, Jewish Museum New York, 2005.
  • Craveri, Benedetta. The Age of Conversation. Trans. Teresa Waugh. New York: New York Review Books,2005.
  • Benet Davetian "The History and Meaning of Salons"
  • James Ross, ‘Music in the French Salon’; in Caroline Potter and Richard Langham Smith (eds.), French Music Since Berlioz (Ashgate Press, 2006), pp. 91–115. ISBN 0-7546-0282-6.
  • Mainardi, Patricia. The End of the Salon: Art and the State of the Early Republic. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
  • Hertz, Deborah. "Jewish High Society in Old Regime Berlin." New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1988.
  • Laure HILLERIN, La comtesse Greffulhe, L'ombre des Guermantes Paris, Flammarion, 2014.

External links[edit]

Look up salon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  • Mlle de Scudéry
  • Les Contes de Fées: The Literary Fairy Tales of France: 17th-century Paris salons of Mme d'Aulnoy, the comtesse de Murat and others by Terri Windling.
  • Julie de Lespinasse, Mme Geoffrin in memoirs.
  • The Women of the French Salons by Amelia Ruth Gere Mason
  • Americans in Paris: Natalie Barney, Gertrude Stein, and Sylvia Beach. Three 20th century salons.
  • Charlottetown Conversation Salon
  • Benet Davetian's Article on the History and Meaning of Salons
  • Biographies of French salonists from Madame de Rambouillet to Madame Recamier and descriptions of salon culture from the 17th to the 19th century.
  • La comtesse Greffulhe, a french salonist of the Belle Epoque
  • Paris Salon of 1769: photos illustrate some of the paintings shown that year.
  • Comic art: The Paris Salon in Caricature: Getty Museum exhibition, 2003.
  • Jewish Women and Their Salons


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